Kae Travis

Use Where-Object in PowerShell Scripts

We can use Where-Object in PowerShell scripts to filter objects based on specific conditions.

Where-Object is commonly used with collections like arrays and lists to extract only the elements that meet certain criteria.

The basic syntax of Where-Object is as follows:

collection | Where-Object { condition }


  • collection is the array or collection of objects we want to filter.
  • condition is the script block that defines the filtering condition.

Use Where-Object in PowerShell Scripts

Let’s dive into some practical examples to see how Where-Object can be used.

Example 1: Filtering Numbers

Suppose we have an array of numbers, and we want to filter out all numbers greater than 10:

$numbers = 1, 5, 12, 8, 15, 3
$filteredNumbers = $numbers | Where-Object { $_ -gt 10 }
# Output the filtered numbers

In this example, the $_ represents the current item in the collection. We filter the numbers and store the result in $filteredNumbers . When we run this script, it will display only the numbers greater than 10.

Example 2: Filtering Files

We can also use Where-Object to filter files based on specific criteria. For instance, let’s filter and display all the .txt files in a directory:

$files = Get-ChildItem -Path "C:\AlkaneDirectory"
$txtFiles = $files | Where-Object { $_.Extension -eq ".txt" }
# Output the filtered .txt files $txtFiles

In this example, Get-ChildItem is used to get a list of files in a directory, and Where-Object filters the files based on their extension.

Complex Conditions

Where-Object is incredibly flexible, allowing us to create complex conditions by combining logical operators, such as -and , -or , and -not . For instance, we can filter a collection based on multiple conditions:

$employees = @(
@{ Name = "John"; Department = "HR"; Salary = 50000 },
@{ Name = "Jane"; Department = "IT"; Salary = 60000 },
@{ Name = "Bob"; Department = "Finance"; Salary = 55000 }
# Filter employees in the IT department with a salary greater than £55000
$filteredEmployees = $employees | Where-Object { $_.Department -eq "IT" -and $_.Salary -gt 55000 }
# Output the filtered employees

In this example, we filter employees in the IT department with a salary greater than £55,000 using -and to combine the conditions.

Where-Object offers flexibility in defining conditions, allowing us to work with data in a more efficient and targeted way.

Use Where-Object in PowerShell Scripts
Use Where-Object in PowerShell Scripts

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